Monday, January 20, 2020

The Roles of Greek Heroism and the Gods in the Persian Wars Essay

The Roles of Greek Heroism and the Gods in the Persian Wars The Persian Wars (499-479 BC) put the Greeks in the difficult position of having to defend their country against a vast empire with an army that greatly outnumbered their own. Many city-states united in battle, although others found ways to avoid participation in the wars. The Greeks also relied on the words of Apollo to guide them, but the oracle did not always act encouragingly. The Greeks defeated the Persians in the Persian Wars due to heroic actions performed by Athens and Sparta and occasional assistance from the gods, but cowardice shown by other poleis nearly ended the Greeks’ chances of success. Unity between the Greek poleis could be seen occasionally in the battles of the Persian Wars, but not consistently. The Greeks first confronted the Persians during the Ionian Revolt (499-494 BC). Ionian Greeks wanted to escape the oppressive system the Persians had them under, so they turned to the Athenians. They in turn offered 20 ships to the revolt, and the Eretrians offered five ships (Demand 1996: 184). Although the revolt was unsuccessful, the help offered by Athens and Eretria provided the first instance of unity among several Greek poleis. The Battle of Marathon in 490 BC, however, did not provide such an instance. When the Persian army headed to Greece to attack, only Athens and Plataea sent soldiers to fight them. The Spartans claimed they could not send soldiers due to a festival and only appeared after the battle was won by the Athenians and Plataeans to congratulate the victors (Demand 1996: 186-187). The victory gave a boost to the confidence of the Athenians, who felt that â€Å"at Marathon we were the only ones to face up to th... ...arta to play greater roles in battle. This produced a tension between the city-states that nearly allowed the Persians to claim victory. The Greeks turned to Apollo, but the oracle did not encourage them. The Greek forces continued to fight, however, driven by acts of bravery performed by Athens and Sparta. Though the Greeks did not achieve complete unity or receive absolute encouragement from the gods, they had enough bravery and faith to bring them success in the Persian Wars. Works Cited Crane, Gregory R. (ed.) The Perseus Project, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu, November, 1998. Demand, Nancy. A History of Ancient Greece. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1996. Dillon, Matthew, and Lynda Garland. Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic Times to the Death of Socrates. London: Routledge, 1994. No. 7.42, p. 209.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

How Does Arthur Miller Use the Theme of Dreams to Convey the Hopes and Disappointments of Other Characters?

The theme of dreams plays a very important part in ‘Death of a Salesman’. They consist of ‘the American Dream’, daydreams and hopes for succeeding. Willy Loman was the main victim in this play as he ended up losing his life by trying to achieve the ‘American Dream’. Although, this dream was the main reason for Willy’s early death, this wasn’t something that he wanted to do; it was the dream that the American society wanted him to do. This dream is known as ‘The American Dream’ and it played an important role in disappointing the characters of Willy’s family.In the majority of the play, Willy Loman is seen to be following the American Dream. The American Dream is the idea that everyone can become successful, rich and popular in America, but this is mainly based on luck. Willy Loman tries to achieve this, but seeking this artificial happiness that was set by America only ended with his life being taken away. Throu ghout the entire play, Willy Loman was chasing this false dream that was given to him by the society surrounding him, but he never wanted to do this.He wanted to live in the country and support himself in the great outdoors, â€Å"Me and my boys in those grand outdoors† (Act 2), but this never worked out because of the American society, which made Willy forget about his true dream and forced him to spend his entire life chasing ‘the American Dream’ which in the end, brought him to an early death. Another theme of dreams that Arthur Miller used was ‘hopes and ambitions’. Willy’s flashbacks link to this theme as he has still not achieved his ambition to become successful; instead, Willy used his flashbacks to hide in the past where his life was cheerful and pleasant.A perfect example of this was at the beginning of the play where he said that his son, Biff was not achieving anything with his life, but then, he fell into a flashback where Biff wa s popular in school and was adored by everyone around him. Willy keeps on reminiscing this time because it shows that he was trying to use the past to cheer himself up when he was going through a hopeless time in the present. Hopes and ambition are very important because it showed that Willy ‘hoped’ to be well-liked which was the reason for him becoming a salesman because he thought this was the best job for an American.This theme links to the American Dream because Willy thought that being a salesman would make him rich and successful as it was the ‘best job’, but it didn’t, instead it was dictating and playing with his life. He told his two sons that, â€Å"Uncle Charley is liked, but not well-liked†. The reason for this was to prove to Biff and Happy that he was important to other people, but in Willy’s mind, he knew he would never be able to match the level of success of his brother, Ben and Charley achieved, instead Willy was livin g under their shadow leading him into another disappointment.The American Dream makes the Loman family very acquisitive, they think that buying the newest technology on the market is the best way of showing that they are rich and successful, for example, they bought a new refrigerator because â€Å"it had the best ads on them†. This sort of buying spree led the Lomans into severe debt and was one of the main sources to Willy’s death as he tried to pay off the debt by killing himself in the end.Arthur Miller also uses the name ‘Happy’ for the use of irony because the character is getting no real fulfilment from his work or life. â€Å"My own apartment, a car, plenty of women. And still, goddammit, I’m lonely†, this shows that goods cannot fill his soul therefore his happiness is limited. Arthur Miller added this type of character into the play because it shows us that the American Dream is not what we think it is, it is in fact added to show t hat money cannot buy happiness which is why Happy is lonely, leaving him disappointed with his life.However, Arthur Miller portrays Willy Loman as the main tragic hero because the American Dream has both mentally and physically destroyed Willy, causing his death at the end of the play. His obsession with success led him to his breaking point; all his ideas and views were twisted by the American Dream. For example, when Willy was playing cards with Charley, he kept on daydreaming about his brother Ben and how much of a great success he had become, Willy almost felt jealous of him because of that.The fact that he could’ve shared the wealth with him if he had gone on the journey also leaves Willy distraught. During the life of Willy Loman, he was seen as the tragic hero who could not reach the standards of the American Dream. In fact, he was so focused on achieving success; he failed to notice the love his family was showing him. Willy was so severely in debt, he had to kill him self to provide money for his family from his life insurance. This shows that the American Dream can make a normal human being kill themselves just to gain a little money.Arthur Miller also shows signs of hope in some parts of the play,† Sure, certain men just don’t get started till late in life. Like Thomas Edison, or B. F Goodrich. One of them was deaf. I’ll put my money on Biff†. Willy still has some sort of ‘hope’ that his older son, Biff, can still become a successful businessman. This reliance put Willy under a lot of pressure which eventually lead to his death because his son had multiple failures throughout the play. He died with a false belief that his son would become famous and well-liked (like he was) but we all knew this was never going to happen.There is also another theme used by Arthur Miller in ‘Death of a Salesman’ and it is ‘Dreams versus Reality’. The Lomans could not pick out the difference between what was a dream and what was reality; Willy suffered from this theory the most because he always dreamed that his two sons would be very successful in the future, but we knew this was never going to happen because Biff was still unemployed at the age of thirty-four and Happy hated his colleagues at work who were always one step ahead of him.This caused disappointments to them both in the end because they knew that Willy would never let them achieve their true dream which was to work in the outdoors, instead, they were forced to follow Willy’s false dream which was to pursue the success of a salesman. Willy Loman’s situation as a character is supposed to make the audience feel sorry for him because he is very hard-working and determined and yet, still cannot achieve any success. The American Dream has made him into a complete failure.The author of the play tells the audience that the American Dream is a lie and not everyone can achieve a good amount of success just fr om hard work, instead, it requires a certain amount of skill and intellect to become successful and in this play, it is shown that Willy does not have any skill or intellect which is why he cannot achieve the American Dream. The theme of dreams is very important ‘Death of a Salesman’ as they affect every character whether it is a daydream, the American Dream or one’s hopes.

Thursday, December 26, 2019

The Dreams Of African Americans - 1352 Words

Most people grow up with a dream to become better or have more in life. Not all dreams become reality. It takes a lot of hard work and dedication to make a dream come true. In the early 1950’s, it was extremely hard for an African American to have their dreams come true. A poem by Langston Hughes entitled â€Å"Harlem† describes the dreams of African Americans during this time period. Lorraine Hansberry wrote â€Å"A Raisin in the Sun† based off of this poem and it further depicts the struggles African Americans went through trying to achieve their dreams. The main characters in A Raisin in the Sun have dreams of their own, however, each stanza in the poem Harlem closely relates to what happens to these characters dreams. Many questions can be asked about the opening line of Harlem, but no one knows the true answer. Hughes posed the question â€Å"What happens to a dream deferred?† (377) to open his poem. This question makes a bold statement about the drea ms of African Americans during the early 1950’s. Due to most of America still being racially segregated and African Americans still being associated with slavery, it was more difficult for an African American to live the American Dream. In A Raisin in the Sun, Lena Younger was expecting an insurance check from when her husband died. This check made all the dreams of the characters seem as though they could finally be achievable. Lorraine Hansberry’s character Beneatha Younger, had the dream that was going take the hardest work toShow MoreRelatedAfrican American Dream1039 Words   |  5 PagesThe American dream is an elusive idea for many Americans; it allows access but does not provide equal opportunity to achieve it for every American citizen and varies wildly throughout different social classes in America. Inequality plagues society throughout these social classes, providing or denying certain opportunities throughout them. Social classes all throughout America are denied or provided with different opportunities than one another, making certain social classes, such as immigrants Read MoreAfrican Americans And The American Dream1355 Words   |  6 Pagespopular television series of the time. The â€Å"American Dream† was becoming a reality for all, or so it seemed. Unfortunately, life for one portion of the population of the United States was less than desirable. Although they received full citizenship and all its benefits with the passing of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, African Americans led a life that was subpar to that of their white counterparts. Their American reality tainted their American dream. When there is a denial of freedom, thoseRead MoreThe American Dream Of African Americans1400 Words   |  6 PagesWhat is the American Dream? To many people across the globe, the United States of America appears to be a place where one can be proud of. America the land where dreams come t rue and there is always a chance for any person to succeed. People who are not from the United States have been painted a beautiful picture of what life in our country is like. Not only do they think that there is a special place in American Dream of African American soldiers after WWI American Dream of African American soldiersRead MoreAfrican Americans And The American Dream1935 Words   |  8 PagesIntro: The American Dream attracts many people from all over the world, people have an image that living in America grants them the life of their dreams, but does living in america really grant people the perfect life? The Case For Reparations by Coates explains how African Americans have struggled in the past with racism and discrimination. He goes on to talk about their lives during slavery and post slavery, and how African Americans are unemployed and undereducated. Aja ET AL.’s essay From ARead MoreAfrican Americans And The American Dream1793 Words   |  8 PagesEven tho ugh the optimal American Dream doesn’t promise that all citizens will achieve personal success, it offers equality and fortunes for them to pursue dreams through hard work. However, during the Industrial Age, the American Dream didn’t apply to the lower class. Most immigrants from southern and eastern Europe arrived in the United States to escape religious persecution and poverty in their home countries and also seek new opportunities. But, they realized the brutal reality after their arrivalRead MoreMaya Angelous African American Dream2503 Words   |  11 Pagesï » ¿Maya Angelou and her African American Dream Maya Angelou is one of the most distinguished African American writers of the twentieth century. Writing is not her only forte she is a poet, director, composer, lyricist, dancer, singer, journalist, teacher, and lecturer (Angelou and Tate, 3). 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Their dream did not becomeRead More Essay on the African American Dream in Song of Solomon961 Words   |  4 PagesThe African American Dream in Song of Solomon      Ã‚   Like most Americans, African Americans have developed variations of the American Dream. Many African Americans find that their dream differs from the traditional American dream in that there is no immediate success. Sometimes the dream consists of equality via liberty or literacy, while at other times it is a simple desire to know self through historical connection.    In Toni Morrisons Song of Solomon, Milkman was literate and hadRead MoreAfrican Americans Must Work to Achieve the American Dream Essay1438 Words   |  6 Pagesappears to be a place where one can be proud of. America the land where dreams come true and there is always a chance for any person to succeed. People who are not from the United States have been painted a beautiful picture of what life in our country is like. Not only do they think that there is a special place in America for them and the perfect career for each individual, but unfortunately this is not always true. The American dream is not necessarily to get rich quick, it is more along the lines ofRead MoreAfrican Americans : The American Dream Game Cartoon By David Horsey Essay1687 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States is famous for its American dream, which ensures equal opportunity for all, but African Americans experience a more diluted form of the dream due to their innate reductions in socioeconomic mobility.   African Americans differ from White Americans physiologically only in skin pigmentation;   however, as depicted in The American Dream Game cartoon by David Horsey, a political commentator and cartoonist with extensive experience in social and political issues, various race-induced obstacles

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Impact of Globalization and Bangladesh - 18126 Words

GLOBALIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON BANGLADESH ECONOMY A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE Strategy by RAHMAN MD FAIZUR, MAJOR, BANGLADESH M.D.S., National University of Bangladesh, 2004 Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2005 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing†¦show more content†¦Walz, M.A. , Member Michael D. Mihalka, Ph.D. , Member Richard T. Anderson, M.S. Accepted this 17th day of June 2005 by: , Director, Graduate Degree Programs Robert F. Baumann, Ph.D. The opinions and conclusions expressed herein are those of the student author and do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College or any other governmental agency. (References to this study should include the foregoing statement.) ii ABSTRACT GLOBALIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON BANGLADESH ECONOMY, by (Major Rahman Md Faizur, 76 pages.) Over the past decades, globalization has now become a new world order, which virtually influences everything that comes in our mind. Developing countries like Bangladesh with vulnerable geopolitical locations and weak economies are now looking at globalization to strengthen their economy to fight any perceived threats. But the increasing role played by the western dominated institutions such as, the World Bank (WB), International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Trade Organization (WTO) in setting the rules under which globalization is played, has placed developing countries in a much disadvantageous position vis-à  -vis the developed countries. However, a closer look at the globalization will show that it has both positive and negative impacts on the economy ofShow MoreRelatedNotes on the Impact of Globalization in Bangladesh4374 Words   |  18 PagesLetter of Transmittal 26 September 2012 Sayed Tanim Muhammed Tareq Lecturer FBA, USTC Dear Sir, I am pleased to present the annual report on the Globalization impact in Bangladesh. This report has been prepared to meet the requirements on the basis of reasons effecting Bangladesh due to Globalization. Our annual report is submitted in accordance with the provisions of the knowledge provided and shared between our team members. The annual report of this project has also been prepared in line withRead MoreGlobalization Impact on Bangladesh Economy4281 Words   |  18 PagesEconomy of Bangladesh Economy of Bangladesh Currency Fiscal year Trade organisations Bangladesh Taka (BDT) 1 July - 30 June WTO, SAFTA, D8, WCO Statistics GDP GDP growth GDP per capita GDP by sector Inflation (CPI) $228.4 billion (2008 est.PPP) 6.5% (2008 est.) $ 1500 (2008 est.PPP) Agriculture (19%), industry (28.7%), services (53.7%) (2007 est.) 9.4% (2008 est.) Population 38% (2009 est.) below poverty line Labour force Labour force by occupation Unemployment Main industries 70.86 millionRead MoreEssay on The Terrible Impact of Globalization on Dhaka, Bangladesh985 Words   |  4 Pagesemploys more than three million workers in Bangladesh, most of them women. Activists say that global clothing brands like Tommy Hilfiger and the Gap and those sold by Walmart need to take responsibility for the working conditions in Bangladeshi factories that produce their clothes. From article by Vikas Bajaj published in The New York Times, November 25, 2012 To establish our own point of view on the issues of globalization in Dhaka, Bangladesh we are obliged to take a look at few thingsRead MoreGlobalization And Competitiveness : The Impact On Future University Of Alberta Bcom Graduates Essay982 Words   |  4 Pages Globalization and Competitiveness: The Impact on Future University of Alberta Bcom Graduates Nickia Kwan 1468914 University of Alberta Globalization and Competitiveness: The Impact on Future University of Alberta Bcom Graduates Globalization continues to impact how countries connect with each other. This impact can clearly be seen in changing social, technological and economic spheres. 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A Government is the governing body of a nation, state, or community and governance the action or manner of governing. Over the years globalization has brought about transnational networks in international politics. What is novel is this networks ability of mobilizing non-state actors with information strategically to help create new issues and persuade over much powerful organizations andRead MorePoverty and Diseases in Sub-Saharan African Countries: Local and Global Solutions1225 Words   |  5 Pagesindependents suffer from hunger. In Sub-Saharan African, for example, females often pay the burden of caring who may give up their educations or accept low-waged jobs in order to meet their household costs. Missing out on education has long-term impacts on their life and their health, and this would lead to the spreading of diseases. Before we step out of a country’s border, it is worth to dive deep into a Sub-Saharan African country and see what prevents this country from growing big and becomingRead MoreImpact Of Management On The Globalization Of Business1374 Words   |  6 Pages Impact of management in the globalization of business Ruth Wills University of the People Abstract The purpose of this paper is to show impact of management in the globalization of business. The following topics are addressed in this paper: 1. Definition of Multi-National Corporation 2. Cultures and Norms 3. Management Style and Culture Shock 4. Management Style of a Multi-National Corporation : Toyota Motors 5. Ethical and Economic challenges faced Multinational CorporationRead MoreCan Globalization Be Made For The Poor?3039 Words   |  13 PagesCan globalization be made to work better for the poor? Discuss with reference to at least one country in the developing world. Introduction Globalization is not a new concept. It is just advancing faster now a days, faster than ever before but it has been around hundreds or some may argue thousands of years ago. It has never had any single meaning nor had it has any definition without disagreement. It has always have different meaning to different people. Globalization is such an issue which isRead MoreThe Global Financial Crisis Of The Usa1383 Words   |  6 PagesSouth Asia and Latin America. Asian countries were more affected by a strong recession in the USA Bangladesh Bangladesh is a developing country and globalization integrates it with the global market in diverse areas. Bangladesh is equally affected by this global turmoil in the short run as well as in The long run. It is very difficult to predict the scenario in the long term; however, short term impact should duly be taken into consideration. The global financial crisis hits the country’s exports

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Maths Portfolio Misconceptions free essay sample

Decimals are a part of our everyday life in some way, when we put fuel in our cars to buying meat from the butcher. Mastering this critical mathematical concept is a necessity (Stephanie Welch, 2010). A decimal is a proper fraction, which is a number less than 1. It is a part of a whole number. Since our numbering system is based on the powers of 10, it is called a decimal system. Decem in Latin means ten (The Maths Page, 2012, Lesson 3). Decimal fractions are represented as the numbers found between two whole numbers. The decimal fraction shows part of a whole number and is written after the decimal place. Some key understandings in learning about decimals would be- * the idea that there are numbers between two consecutive whole numbers, for example between 6 and 7 is 6. 54. * the place value system can be extended to the right to show the numbers between two whole numbers * to record a number you write the whole number followed by a decimal point then the part of the number * the numbers to the right of the decimal point have decreasing values in powers of ten ie. We will write a custom essay sample on Maths Portfolio Misconceptions or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page /10, 1/100, 1/1000 and so on. * decimal numbers can be partitioned just like whole numbers (0. 84 = 8/10+4/100 or 84/100 or 840/1000) Prior to learning about decimal numbers students must have a clear understanding of place value, ordering and rounding whole numbers. Without this secure understanding and ability to work with whole numbers, students will not have the prerequisite skills and understanding to move into decimal numbers. Many of the misconceptions students have with decimals arise from the lack of confidence and skills with whole numbers. When representing whole numbers and parts of whole numbers the decimal place is a separator between the whole number and the smaller part of the whole number. A major misconception students have with decimals is the idea that the decimal place separates two different whole numbers. This is demonstrated when students read 29. 15 as, â€Å"twenty-nine decimal fifteen†. This misconception is compounded by the fact that the first experience of decimals for most students is working with money. Instead of seeing $28. 5 as twenty-eight dollars and thirty-five hundredths of a dollar, students are taught that all the numbers to the left of the decimal point represent dollars and everything to the right represents cents. This leads to further difficulties because with money we only ever use 2 decimals places to the right to represent the hundredths of a dollar. When confronted with three decimal places ie. $5. 362 students will read this as $5 and 362 cents instead of 362 thousandths of a dollar. Another misunderstanding is that the number’s length determines its greatness. With whole umbers, the longer the number the bigger its value (247 397 is larger than 45 673). We determine this by assessing the value of the number systematically, beginning with the left hand place column. When comparing decimal numbers, students commonly misunderstand that the longer the number the greater its value ie. When comparing 3. 45 and 3. 12345 students may rely on their whole number understanding and see 3. 45 as 3 and 45, and 3. 12345 as 3 and 12345. Therefore they perceive 3. 12345 as the larger number. The introduction of a place value chart to include decimal numbers to the right of the ones place can also be confusing for children. The first column to the right is called tenths, if we were to work symmetrically from the decimal point the first column would be the oneths. Problem solving using addition and subtraction algorithms involving decimal numbers is an area where students commonly make mistakes. Students list the numbers down the page, lining up the digits according to their length not their place value. 3. 25 + 12. 6 Section 2 Objective| Misconception| Teaching Activity| SWBAT correctly read decimal numbers| Students read 3. 25 as â€Å"three decimal twenty-five† instead of â€Å"three and twenty-five hundredths†. This incorrectly suggests that the number contains 25 ones. | Use the extended place value chart to reinforce placement and value of each digit. | SWBAT order a mixed set of numbers with up to 3 decimal places| Numbers with more digits are larger. | Refer to place value charts to prompt students to always order numbers reading the value from the far left hand column first. | SWBAT plot a number on a number line demonstrating that to the left of the decimal we have ones, tens, hundreds and to the right is tenths, hundredths, thousandths. The first place to the right of the decimal place is ‘oneths’| Concrete materials demonstrating that whole number is shared into 10 parts (tenths) or into 100 parts (hundredths). | SWBAT work with money representing dollars and parts of a dollar (cents) after the decimal place. SWBAT calculate money up to 3 decimals places| The decimal place separates two different mediums. Students read $7. 125 as $7 and 125 cents or $8. 25| Use play money kits with notes and coins and hundreds boards to allow students to manipulate and record money to two decimal places. Students also need exposure to financial maths problems where the answer contains more than two decimal places, and be guided to consider the reasonableness of the answer. Record algorithms on extended place value charts to ensure correct values and alignment of digits. Double check with calculator. | | Section 3 This extended place value chart will assist with reading and placement of decimal numbers (First Steps in Mathematics: Number, 2004, p. 72) undreds| tens| ones| hundreds| tens| ones| Tenths| Hundredths| thousandths| thousands| ones| ? fractions| 3 4 6 4 2 7 ? 1 2 5 This resource is invaluable for understanding decimals, reading and placement of digits. This shows students that the decimal does not have its own place but is a separator between whole and decimal numbers. It simplifies reading large numbers by showing grouping of three places. You can see clearly the ones column is our base unit of number and that’s our axis of symmetry. This resource is very useful and concise. It clearly shows columns, grouping of digits and is also useable when performing addition or subtraction of whole and decimal numbers. It doesn’t lack anything in regards to being a useful resource, as it can be expanded or reduced depending upon what grade level is being taught.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

To Kill A Mockingbird3 Essay Example For Students

To Kill A Mockingbird3 Essay Chapter Summarys of To Kill A MockingbirdChapter 1: Scouts father, Atticus Finch, studied law in Montgomery while supporting his brother, John Jack Hale Finch, who was in medical school in Boston. His sister Alexandra is living at the Landing. Atticus began his law practice in Maycomb, the county seat of Maycomb County, where his office in the courthouse contained little more than a hat rack, a spittoon, and a checkerboard. His first case entailed his defense of two men who refused to plead guilty for second-degree murder. They instead pleaded not guilty for first-degree murder, and were hung, marking probably the beginning of my fathers profound distaste for criminal law. We will write a custom essay on To Kill A Mockingbird3 specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Her father is a peaceful man, while her familys black cook, Calpurnia, is strict, but nice. Scout and Jems mother died of a heart attack when Scout was two, and only Jem has occasional memories for her. The real excitement begins with the first meeting between Scout, Jem, and Dill, a feisty, imaginative boy who is nearly seven but very small for his age. From Meridian, Mississippi, Dill will be spending the summer at the nearby house of Miss Rachel Haverford, his aunt. He impresses the Finch children with his dramatic acting of the movie Dracula, from which Dill gets Scout and Jems friendship and respect. By late summer the children turn their thoughts toward the Radley place, a mysterious household on a curb beyond the Finch house which is said to have a mysterious man, by the name of Boo Radley, living in it. Though never seen by the children, he is rumored by popular superstition to be over six feet tall, with rotten yellow teeth, popping eyes and a drool, eating raw animals. He i s often named as the source of strange evil. Mr. Radley has always only been seen only on his daily trip to collect groceries from 11:30am to 12:00pm, and the family worshipped in their own home on Sundays. Their youngest son, Arthur, become mixed with a gang of boys who were finally arrested and brought to court after driving an old car through the town square and locking Maycombs beadle in an outhouse. Though the other boys went to industrial school, Arthur, Boo, Radleys family preferred to keep him hidden inside the home. After fifteen years of this invisibility, it was said that the thirty-three-year-old Boo stabbed his father in the leg with a pair of scissors. Refusing to permit his son to be deemed insane or charged with criminal behavior, Mr. Radley allowed Boo to be locked up in the courthouse basement. Boo is eventually brought back to the Radley home. After Mr. Radleys death, his older brother Nathan arrived to continue keeping Boo inside and out of sight. Dill dares Jem to go inside the Radleys front gate. After three days of pondering, Jems fear of Boo subsides to his sense of honor when Dill changes his terms, daring Jem to only touch the house. Jem finally agrees to do this. He runs, touches the house, and the three scramble back to the Finches porch, where looking down the street to the Radley house Jem and Dill thought they saw an inside of a shutter movement, and the house was still. Chapter 2: It is now September, and Dill has returned to his family in Meridian, and Scout goes to school for the first time. She is excited about starting school at last, but her first day of first grade leaves her feeling quite differently. Her teacher, Miss Caroline Fisher, is a 21-year-old teacher new to the Maycomb County schoolsshe herself is from the richer and more cultured North Alabama, and she doesnt understand the ways of Maycomb yet. Half of the students failed first grade the year before. When Miss Caroline puts the alphabet on the board and asks the class if they know it, Scout reads it through, then reads from her reader and from the local paper. Miss Caroline forbids Scout to let Atticus teach her to read anymore, as she claims that Scout is learning wrongly. Scout doesnt remember learning how to read. When Miss Caroline forbids her to continue reading, she realizes how important it is to